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Technical References

[1] idealPV, “”, 2015.


[2] K. Kernahan and P. Curzon, “Empirical Evidence for Thermodynamics, Forward Only Zero Hot Spot and Reverse Bias Heating in Solar Cells.”, 2015.


[3] J. C. Larue and E. du Trieu, Effect of Partial Shadowing on Solar Panels Hot Spot or Breakdown?, pp. 490–495. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1981.


[4] Dupont, “Mitigating strategies for hot spots in crystalline silicon solar panels.” .


[5] C.Honsberg and S. Bowden, “PVEDUCATION.”


[6] L. Zhu, L. Fu, M. Qiao, B. Cui, Q. Chen, and J. Lin, “The characteristicsof primary and secondary arcs on a solar array in lowearth orbit,” Plasma Science and Technology, vol. 19, no. 5, 2017.


[7] K. A. Kim, G. S. Seo, B. H. Cho, and P. T. Krein, “Photovoltaic Hot-Spot Detection for Solar Panel Substrings Using AC Parameter Characterization,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, pp. 1121–1130, Feb. 2016.


[8] T. Ghanbari, “Hot spot detection and prevention using a simple method in photovoltaic panels,” IET Generation, Transmission Distribution, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 883–890, 2017.

[9] J. Gallon, G. Horner, J. Hudson, L. Vasilyev, and K. Lu, “PV Module Hotspot Detection,” NREL, Feb. 2015.

[10] S. Guo, T. M. Walsh, A. G. Aberle, and M. Peters, “Analysing partial shading of PV modules by circuit modelling,” in 2012 38th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 002957– 002960, June 2012.


[11] K. A. Kim, C. Xu, L. Jin, and P. T. Krein, “A Dynamic Photovoltaic Model Incorporating Capacitive and Reverse-Bias Characteristics,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 3, pp. 1334–1341, Oct. 2013.

[12] K. A. Kim and P. T. Krein, “Reexamination of Photovoltaic Hot Spotting to Show Inadequacy of the Bypass Diode,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 5, pp. 1435–1441, Sep. 2015.

[13] K. Kernahan, “Idealized solar panel.”, Feb. 10 2015. US Patent 8,952,672.


[14] S. A. Spanoche, J. D. Stewart, S. L. Hawley, and I. E. Opris, “Model-based method for partially shaded pv modules hot spot suppression,” in 2012 IEEE 38th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC) PART 2, pp. 1–7, June 2012.


[15] A. M. I. Aldaoudeyeh, “Photovoltaic-battery scheme to enhance pv array characteristics in partial shading conditions,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 108–115, 2016.


[16] J. Nelson, The Physics of Solar Cells. Imperial College Press, 2003.


[17] T. Geipel, M. Moeller, A. Kraft, and U. Eitner, “A comprehensive study of intermetallic compounds in solar cell interconnections and their growth kinetics,” Energy Procedia,

vol. 98, no. Supplement C, pp. 86 – 97, 2016. Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Metallization and Interconnection for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells.


[18] Techni-Tool, “Minimizing micro-cracks in solar cell interconnection.”


[19] idealPV, “Reverse Bias Experimental Station.”


[20] Underwriters’ Laboratories, Standard for Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules and Panels, vol. 1703. third ed., 2015.

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